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How To Established New Dairy Farm

Introduction

India derives nearly 33% of the gross Domestic population from agriculture and has 66% of economically active population,engaged in agriculture. The share of livestock product is estimated at 21% of total agriculture sector. The fact that dairing could play a more constructive role in promoting rural welfare and reducing poverty is increasly being recognised . Milk production alone involves more than 70 million producers, each raising one or two cows/ buffaloes primarily for milk production . The domesticated water buffalo is one of the gentlest of all farm animals ,hence it can be breeded easily. The dairy sector offers a good opportunity to entrepreneurs in India. India is a land of opportunity for those who are looking for new and expanding markets.Growth propsects in the dairy sector are very bright.

Market

Dairy development in India has been acknowledged the world over as one of modern India"s most sucessful development programme. India is the second largest milk producing country with anticipated production of about 78 million tons during 1999-2000. The production of milk products stoood at 3.07 lakh tonnes in 1999-2000. Production ofmilk powder including infant milk food has risen to 2.25 lakh tons in 1999-2000, whereas that of malted food is at 65000 tons. Off late market for milk products is showing a steady increase.

Manufacturing Process

Modern and well established scientific principles ,practices and skills should be used to obtain maximum economic benefits from dairy farming. Some of the major norms and recomondationtions are: Care full selection of animals, feeding of animals,milking of animals

Production Capacity Per Annum

Capacity

28000 Ltrs per annum

Selling Price

Rs.16 Per kg

Project Cost/Capital Investment

S.No

Description

Amount Rs.

1 Peliminary & Preoperative Expns 1500
2 Fixed Capital 440000
3 Working Capital for 1 month(s) 20200

TotalProject Cost

461700

Means Of Finance

S.No

Description

%age

Amount Rs.

1 Promoter Contribution 15% 69255
2 Subsidy /Soft Loan 20% 92340
3 Term Loan 65% 300105

Total

461700

Financial Aspects


A. FIXED CAPITAL

i. Land and Buildings Rented 1500 per month
ii. Machinery and Equipment    


S.No

Description

Qty.

Rate

Amount Rs.

1 Buffellows Nos 20 20000 400000
2 Shed 1 20000 20000
3 Milk testing machine 1 20000 20000
 

Total

   

440000

B WORKING CAPITAL

i. Salaries & Wages (per month)

S.No

Description

Nos.

Sal/mon.

Amount Rs.

1 Supervisor/Entrepreneur 1 2500 2500
2 Skilled 1 2000 2000
3 Unskilled 2 1200 2400

Total

6900

ii. Raw Material (per month)

S.No

Description

Unit

Qty.

Rate

Amount Rs.

1 Feed Kgs 2200 4 8800

Total

8800

iii. Utilities (per month)

S.No

Description

Unit

Amount Rs.

1 Power LS 500
2 Water LS 500

Total

1000

iv. Other Expenses (permonth)

S.No

Description

Amount Rs.

1 Postage & Stationery Expenses 500
2 Transportation Expenses 1000
3 Miscellaneous Expenses 500

Total

2000

v. Total Working Capital (per month)

S.No

Description

Amount Rs.

1 Rent 1500
2 Salaries and Wages 6900
3 Raw Material 8800
4 Utilities 1000
5 Other Expenses 2000

Total

20200

Cost Of Production (Per Annum)

S.No

Description

Amount Rs.

1 Total Working Capital 242400
2 Depreciation @15% 66000
3 Interest @12% 36013

Total

344413

Turnover (Per Year)

S.No

Description

Unit

Qty.

Rate Rs.

Amount Rs.

1 Ltrs per ann um 28000 16 448000

Total

448000

Fixed Cost (Per Year)

S.No

Description

AmountRs.

1 Depreciation 66000
2 Interest 36013
3 Rent 18000
4 Salaries & Wages @40% 33120
5 Other Expenses incl. Utilities @40% 14400

Total

167533

Profit Analysis & Ratios

1 Net Profit Rs. 103587
2 Percentage of Profiton Sales   23%
3 Percentage of Return on Investment   22%
4 Break Even Point   62%